That May be Helpful in Surviving the Post-Apocalyptic Midwest

Miscellaneous Usefulness

Herbalism – Extremely Important to Get Right (Plants Can Kill)

A well-prepared apocalypse survivor should be thoroughly educated and experienced in herbalism. The healing properties of plants are not only myriad and potentially strong, but they also may be the only form of medicine available once every pharmacy and medicine cabinet has been looted (by violent gangs of thugs who stockpile all drugs in a region and trade them at ruthlessly high rates to those who are unfortunate enough to fall ill after the bombs have fallen).

Ingesting some herbs can be just as dangerous as thugs, however, so the Survivor should be careful. Plants can have multiple, sometimes conflicting, properties when used or prepared in different ways.

Achillea millefolium - image from Wikipedia

For example, Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) purportedly has dozens of effects on people: It has historically been used in a poultice to staunch the flow of blood from wounds (the scientific name Achillea is derived from mythical Achilles, who supposedly carried the plant with him for his soldiers’ wounds (1)), but it can also stimulate circulation and encourage bleeding if ingested. Those are opposite effects, so the Survivor should make sure not to have anything backwards!

Comfrey - from Wikipedia

Another example: Comfrey (Symphytum officinale), although also very useful as a poultice for flesh wounds and as replacement for toilet paper, has been known to cause kidney or liver failure when ingested (2).

The Survivor should therefore be sure to have positively identified a plant and try it first in small, diluted quantities. Reading as much about these plants as possible before the apocalypse, especially sources by true experts who have personally foraged more than I, would be extremely beneficial.

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Jewelweed (Impatiens compensus)

Jewelweed will be useful to the reader if he or she has previously encountered Poison Ivy or Stinging Nettle, also to be featured later on this blog.  The sap of Jewelweed can soothe the irritation caused to the skin by touching these plants.  The sap can also ease the suffering caused by bug bites or Athlete’s Foot.

As a side note, and perhaps even more importantly, the Jewelweed is also sometimes commonly called “touch-me-not” because the flowers can eject their seedpods somewhat enthusiastically when disturbed.  This mechanism can be quite entertaining for children, and may also provide a depressingly brief yet rare moment of glee for the survivor whose life has become a nightmarish torrent of fear, anxiety and hopelessness.

ID and Other Notes:

2-5 foot tall annual herbacious plant.  The stems are somewhat translucent and fragile.  Leaves are serrated, hairless, ovate, and smooth.  Orange jewelweed has a bright orange flower, usually clustered in groups of 2 or 3 off the upper leaves.  They have 5 petals forming upper and lower ‘lips’.

Found in openings in moist woodlands, floodplains, or at the edges of paths, ditches, or swamps. Prefers partial shade/sun and fertile soil full of organic materials. Prefers wet or moist conditions; can tolerate flooding. The orange flowers can glitter in sunlight and have positive aesthetic effects. Can be planted by cuttings or by seed.

Sources: 
http://www.illinoiswildflowers.info/wetland/plants/or_jewelweed.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Jewel_Weed_Impatiens_capensis_Creek_Side_3200px.jpg